Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010

The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) is a snapshot of deprivation at one moment in time (for these tables and charts 2010). Deprivation is looked at from various different aspects (called Domains) and each area of the country is ranked according to its level of deprivation compared to all the other areas. As such it is a relative rather than an absolute measure and the purpose of the IMD is to identify small areas of England which are experiencing multiple aspects of deprivation.

Which areas are covered by the Indices?
England has been divided into 32,482 areas each having roughly the same number of people. These are known as Lower layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) and are a standard way of dividing up England and Wales. In Winchester there are 69 LSOAs. Like previous versions of the English Indices of Deprivation, a deprivation score has been calculated for each LSOA in England. By using these small areas it is possible to identify small pockets of deprivation.

How do the Indices work?

The Indices of Deprivation 2010 is based on the concept that deprivation consists of more than just poverty. Poverty is not having enough money to get by on where as deprivation refers to a general lack of resources and opportunities.

The Index of Multiple Deprivation is a combination of a number of the other indices to give an overall score for the relative level of multiple deprivation experienced in every neighbourhood in England. In total there are 38 separate indicators, which are grouped into seven domains each of which reflects a different aspect of deprivation. These are used to produce an overall Index of Multiple Deprivation score for each small area in England.

The domains used in the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010 are Income, Employment, Health, Education, Crime, Access to services and Living environment. Each of these domains has their own scores and ranks allowing users to focus on specific aspects of deprivation.
All the small areas in England can be ranked according to their Index of Multiple Deprivation score; this allows users to identify the most and least deprived areas in England and to compare whether one area is more deprived than another.